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{" Gandhi Ji" } Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi and English with quotes | Gandhi Jayanti Speech


Happy Gandhi Jayanti to you all. Shayari in Hindi again brings the biography of Mahatma Gandhi for this 2 Oct.
We also collected some best quotes for Gandhi Jayanti. Include these Quotes by Gandhi Ji inGandhi Jayanti Speech.


Mahatma Gandhi Biography in English 


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, more commonly known as ‘Mahatma’ (meaning ‘Great Soul’) was born in Porbandar, Gujarat, in North West India, on 2nd October 1869, into a Hindu Modh family. His father was the Chief Minister of Porbandar, and his mother’s religious devotion meant that his upbringing was infused with the Jain pacifist teachings of mutual tolerance, non-injury to living beings and vegetarianism.



Born into a privileged caste, Gandhi was fortunate to receive a comprehensive education, but proved a mediocre student. In May 1883, aged 13, Gandhi was married to Kasturba Makhanji, a girl also aged 13, through the arrangement of their respective parents, as is customary in India. Following his entry into Samaldas College, at the University of Bombay, she bore him the first of four sons, in 1888.

Gandhi Jee Quotes

  • "I cannot tech you violence, as I do not myself belive in it . I can only tech you not to bow your heads before any one even at tha cost of your life.."-  
Mahatama Gandhi
  • ”Be the change that you wish to see in the world.”
 Mahatma Gandhi

Gandhi was unhappy at college, following his parent’s wishes to take the bar, and when he was offered the opportunity of furthering his studies overseas, at University College London, aged 18, he accepted with alacrity, starting there in September 1888.



Determined to adhere to Hindu principles, which included vegetarianism as well as alcohol and sexual abstinence, he found London restrictive initially, but once he had found kindred spirits he flourished, and pursued the philosophical study of religions, including Hinduism, Christianity, Buddhism and others, having professed no particular interest in religion up until then. Following admission to the English Bar, and his return to India, he found work difficult to come by and, in 1893, accepted a year’s contract to work for an Indian firm in Natal, South Africa.


Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Biography


Although not yet enshrined in law, the system of ‘apartheid’ was very much in evidence in South Africa at the turn of the 20th century. Despite arriving on a year’s contract, Gandhi spent the next 21 years living in South Africa, and railed against the injustice of racial segregation. On one occasion he was thrown from a first class train carriage, despite being in possession of a valid ticket.



Witnessing the racial bias experienced by his countrymen served as a catalyst for his later activism, and he attempted to fight segregation at all levels. He founded a political movement, known as the Natal Indian Congress, and developed his theoretical belief in non-violent civil protest into a tangible political stance, when he opposed the introduction of registration for all Indians, within South Africa, via non-cooperation with the relevant civic authorities.



On his return to India in 1916, Gandhi developed his practice of non-violent civic disobedience still further, raising awareness of oppressive practices in Bihar, in 1918, which saw the local populace oppressed by their largely British masters. He also encouraged oppressed villagers to improve their own circumstances, leading peaceful strikes and protests. His fame spread, and he became widely referred to as ‘Mahatma’ or ‘Great Soul’.

Gandhi Ji Biography



As his fame spread, so his political influence increased: by 1921 he was leading the Indian National Congress, and reorganising the party’s constitution around the principle of ‘Swaraj’, or complete political independence from the British. He also instigated a boycott of British goods and institutions, and his encouragement of mass civil disobedience led to his arrest, on 10th March 1922, and trial on sedition charges, for which he served 2 years, of a 6-year prison sentence..

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Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi

भारत विश्व का एक अनोखा और अनूठा देश है. इस देश की सांस्कृतिक विरासत से लेकर यहां का पूरा इतिहास ही गौरवशाली है. हमारे इतिहास की तरह हमारी आजादी की लड़ाई भी एक मिसाल ही है. यूं तो विश्व के अधिकतर पराधीन देशों को आजादी हिंसा के बाद ही मिली लेकिन इस देश को आजादी वास्तविक तौर पर अहिंसा के मार्ग पर चलने की वजह से मिली और इस मार्ग पर हमें चलने का साहस प्रदान किया मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी ने.


आज महात्मा गांधी (Mahatma Gandhi) की जयंती है. यह देश महात्मा गांधी को बापू और राष्ट्रपिता जैसे नामों से संबोधित करता है. इस सम्मान के पीछे महात्मा गांधी की महान कार्यशैली और समर्पण छुपा हुआ है. अपने घर-परिवार को भूल गांधीजी ने खुद को देश के लिए न्यौछावर कर दिया, इसी वजह से लोग गांधी जी को मात्र एक शख्स के तौर पर नहीं अपितु एक भगवान के समान देखते हैं.

Hindi Quotes by Gandhi Ji

“स्‍वयं को पाने का सर्वोत्तम तरीका है स्‍वयं को अन्‍य लोगों की सेवा में समर्पित कर देना”- महात्‍मा गांधी.

गांधी जी के यह वचन उनकी मानसिकता को प्रदर्शित करते हैं. गांधीजी ने जिंदगी भर दूसरों की सहायता के लिए काम किए. तमाम वैभव होने के बाद भी गांधीजी ने सादा जीवन व्यतीत किया और लोगों के सामने उदाहरण पेश किया. छुआछूत को दूर भगाने के लिए ही उन्होंने ‘हरिजन’ को गले लगाकर दूसरों के सामने एक उदाहरण पेश किया.

समाज की बुराइयों के प्रति गांधी जी के सिद्धांतों ने उनके राजनैतिक आंदोलनों को उपनिवेश राज से आजादी के लिए मजबूती से बांध दिया जैसे कि असहयोग आंदोलन, नागरिक अवज्ञा आंदोलन, दाण्‍डी मार्च और भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन. गांधी जी के प्रयासों से अंतत: भारत को 15 अगस्‍त, 1947 को स्‍वतंत्रता प्राप्‍त हुई.


ऐसा नहीं है कि सत्याग्रह और अहिंसा सिर्फ भारत में ही प्रचलित हैं बल्कि सत्‍याग्रह और अहिंसा की विचारधारा को वैश्विक समुदाय में भी उच्‍च प्रतिष्‍ठा प्राप्‍त है और इसीलिए संयुक्‍त राष्‍ट्र में गांधी जी के जन्‍म दिवस, 2 अक्‍तूबर को ‘अंतरराष्‍ट्रीय अहिंसा दिवस’ (International Day of Non-Violence) के रूप में अपनाया गया है.

Gandhi Jayati Quotes

Mohandas : Disciple Of KrishnaKaramchand : King Of KarmaWas Aptly Called Mahatma – A Superme Soul .He Earned This Sobriquet Due To His Noble Deeds And For Propagating Non – Violence To Attain PeaceHappy Gandhi Jayanti….!!
महान वैज्ञानिक अल्बर्ट आइंस्टीन ने कहा था कि आने वाली सदियों में लोग यह विश्वास नहीं कर पाएंगे कि गांधी जैसा महान व्यक्ति भी इस धरती पर कभी पैदा हुआ था. दरअसल, महात्मा गांधी (Mahatma Gandhi) जी ने अपने जीवन में कई ऐसे कार्य या प्रयोग किए, जो कोई महापुरुष ही कर सकता है! सच तो यह है कि गांधी जी ने न केवल दूसरों का मार्गदर्शन किया, बल्कि उपदेशों का पहले स्वयं पर प्रयोग भी किया.

आज गांधी जयंती के मौके पर आइए इस देश के महापुरुष गांधी जी को याद करें और उन्हें श्रद्धांजलि दें....

For More: Gandhi Ji Biography @ Wikipedia

{" Gandhi Ji" } Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi and English with quotes | Gandhi Jayanti Speech {" Gandhi Ji" } Mahatma Gandhi Biography in Hindi and English with
quotes | Gandhi Jayanti Speech Reviewed by Bhagyesh Chavda on October 01, 2015 Rating: 5

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